If you’re considering CNC laser cutting, you may be wondering what exactly CNC means. CNC stands for computer numerical control. This technology is used to cut sheet metal. It works by using a laser beam that is focused through a lens onto the work area. The beam can melt, vaporize, or burn material, depending on the process you need to complete. There are many different types of lasers used for cutting sheet metal, so it’s important to understand more about the laser cutter process for sheet metal fabrication projects.
What Is CNC Laser Cutting?
CNC laser cutting works with a high-powered laser beam to melt a material. This heat causes the material to vaporize and a gap forms. The laser beam is controlled by a computer, making the cutting process fast and precise. The process begins by setting the machine and preparing the materials. Next, the laser beam is directed along the material to be cut. This laser cutting process can be used to cut metal sheets of varying thickness. With its high power and cutting speed, CNC laser cutting is the best way to produce a clean cut on even thick metal.
A CNC machine uses a computer to guide a laser beam across a piece of material, creating a precise cut. The laser cuts through the material as it moves along the X axis (horizontal) and Y axis (vertical). The software controls the speed at which the laser travels across the material, so that the cut is smooth and even. A laser cutting machine involves focusing the beam, which is directed through a lens or specialized mirror. The beam is then focused on a tiny spot of high intensity. This spot is called the focal spot. The focus position depends on a number of factors, including the material, thickness, beam shape, and assist gas. In general, laser cutting machines allow for tighter tolerances and closer arrangements of part designs.
CNC laser cutting can be used for a number of operations, such as marking or engraving. It is high speed and efficient and is more reliable than manpower. This method of cutting materials is often the first choice in high-volume production runs. It can be used to produce custom parts and decorative products, such as doorknobs, rugs, or metal plaques requiring a precise cut. Laser power allows for high precision cutting of a range of materials. Different laser beams are controlled to suit the style of cutting required as well as the material thickness. In addition, CNC laser cutting services can include a number of different applications, such as the fabrication of large steel sheets. This is a great option for high-volume production because the cost of labor is low and the quality of the final product is much better than with manual cutting.
Benefits Of CNC Laser Cutting Technology
Among the many advantages of CNC laser cutting technology is its ability to work with various materials. These materials can range from stainless steel and aluminum to carbon steel and wood. CNC laser cutting technology can cut a variety of materials. It is suitable for metal, wood, gemstone, glass, paper, and plastic. Depending on the type of material you need to cut, you can choose the right type of laser, cutting gas, and cutting mechanism. The optimal laser power, pressure, and focal position will depend on the material’s properties. As a result, you can cut various materials with varying speeds and depths. Machining experts will determine the best option for cutting operations needed to achieve the desired cut for laser cut parts. The best thing about this cutting technology is that it allows you to change product design and material quickly and easily without affecting the quality of the finished parts.
Another advantage of CNC laser cutting technology is its low operating costs and short production time. While conventional machineries require a high initial investment, CNC lasers have virtually no running costs. You should always consider the advantages of CNC laser cutting technology. It is a high-quality manufacturing tool that will give your products a professional appearance. Further, you will be able to create intricate cuts and high-quality products at the same time. It also helps save time because it cuts material faster than other methods.
Types of Lasers For Sheet Metal Cutting
Different types of lasers are suitable for different cutting applications. A high-speed laser will cut the material faster, but it may not be effective for thicker materials. On the other hand, a low-frequency laser will cut more material, but it may also burn the edges. The frequency of a laser is dependent on its material, so lower frequencies are recommended for flammable materials. Lastly, a high-resolution laser will produce a darker image, but it can generate too much heat in a small area. There are two main types of lasers for sheet metal cutting: CO2 and fiber. CO2 lasers are more powerful and are used for thicker materials. They produce a smoother surface than a fiber laser beam. CO2 laser cutting machines have three axes and two-dimensional positioning control. The X-Y axis is controlled by moving the workpiece, while the Z-axis controls the height of the laser head.
Laser cutting sheet metal can produce complex shapes and cleaner cut metal parts. At Fox Valley Stamping, our experienced specialists operate our CNC LASER machine with accuracy and efficiency. Our metal laser cutting techniques deliver finished parts with a smooth cut edge; meeting quality standards as well as our customers lead times. Give our specialists a call today for your CNC laser cutting projects!